National University of Mongolia (NUM)
The National University of Mongolia (abbreviated NUM or MUIS) is a public university primarily located in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Established in 1942, it is the oldest institution of higher learning in Mongolia, and originally named in honour of Khorloogiin Choibalsan as Choibalsan State University. It hosts 5 main faculties in Ulaanbaatar, two branches (in Uliastai, Zavkhan Province and Erdenet, Orkhon Province), and three academies of national importance (Mongol studies, economics, and sustainable development).
After the establishment of the Mongolian People’s Republic and its first modern secondary school in 1921, it was deemed necessary to establish an academic institution at a higher level. In 1942, the government established the National University of Mongolia as Mongolia’s first university, with the first students graduating in 1946. During socialism, the university served as a training center for the party elite. Education was paid for and strictly controlled by the state. After democratization, it gradually changed into a more modern university. In 1995, it started to offer bachelors, masters, and doctoral programs.
It holds a distinguished place in Mongolia’s modern history, serving as both its first university as well as a parent to many of the country’s premier universities. Many of the country’s higher education institutions can trace their ancestry back to the National University of Mongolia’s faculties and sub-institutes, including the University of Science and Technology, University of Life Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, and the University of the Humanities.
As of 2018, there were over 18,000 students enrolled in various programs, mostly taught in Mongolian.