Advances in Membrane Materials and Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment
The water and wastewater treatment industry is experiencing new challenges related to climate change and anthropogenic influences. Frequent droughts and increases in population make water and resource reuse necessary. Rapid technological progress has resulted in more than 100 million organic and inorganic substances being registered in Chemical Abstracts Service and entering the aquatic environment as contaminants of emerging concern. Membranes and membrane separation processes have been established as reliable and effective solutions. Recent advances in polymeric, inorganic, and other novel membrane materials are reviewed in this chapter, together with major developments in membrane processes.
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